Τεύχος - Περιεχόμενα
The Reunion of the Athenian Asty with the Piraeus, 280-279 B.C.
I. Rhamnous 404 provides new information about military actions related to the recovery of Piraeus and the forts on the Mouseion and Munychia hills from the Macedonian garrisons. Aristeides son of Mnesitheos of Lamptrai was στρατηγὸς ἐπὶ τὴν παρασκευήν in 280/79 (archonship of Telokles) when he provided (equipment) for the siege of the Mouseion. In the preceding year he, his brother, and others participated in a πρᾶξις, a military operation the aim of which was to recover a φρούριον, which according to lines 9-11 was the one on Mouseion Hill. The recovery of the fort on Mouseion Hill in 280/79 was most likely the final event of the sequence—recovery of Munychia, Piraeus, Mouseion—consistent not only with the testimony of Pausanias (1.26.3), reporting these successful operations by the general Olympiodoros, but also with a clause in IG II3 1,881.28-31 of 282/1, which suggests that operations to bring about the union of the Asty and Piraeus were already underway in Gamelion of 281. The Mouseion, under siege in 280/79, was most likely recaptured by summer 279 when Athens sent a military contingent to Thermopylae to join the defense against the invasion of the Celts.